Top 6 Roofing Materials. From shingle shakes to asphalt shingles, roofing material is often an important consideration that leads to the appearance and texture of your house. Upgrading your current roof helps you to add aesthetic value to your property and express the personality and look of your house. In addition, in terms of residential roofing, your roof can affect your property’s value, the resale value, and the condition of your roof, which are all critical issues for your property.

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Two main types of roofing materials include flat roofs and pitched roofs. Flat roofs are roofs which have no ridge or cup shapes and generally feature a large single layer of material, usually clay or slate Flat roofs are susceptible to high wind, ice and snow loads and are therefore not recommended for hurricane or tropical climate areas. Also, they are not recommended for regions with freezing temperatures.

Main Types of Roofing Materials

Pitched roofs are flat roofs, in which the bottom layer, called the pitch, is manufactured from lightweight materials such as sheet metal or aluminum, while the upper layer, called the cladding, is typically made of a fire-retardant material such as PVC or polyester. The purpose of a pitched roof is to provide increased attic space, thermal bridging and insulation for green buildings and as a method of energy conservation.

Additionally, when used in applications where thermal bridging is important, a pitched roof design will often include a solar heating system. Solar heating systems may use the same materials or be constructed to specifically accommodate the application.

Tile roofs consist of flat sheets of materials which are used to create a waterproof covering. Tile roofs can be applied to both the interior and exterior of structures and have a wide variety of styles and colors to meet any application. The primary limitation of tile roofs is that they are generally very expensive. Additionally, the installation of these roofs requires experienced contracting professionals.

Asphalt shingles are the most versatile roofing materials available and are typically the preferred roofing materials for two reasons. First, asphalt shingles are lightweight and so can easily be fitted to a wide variety of roofs. Moreover, asphalt shingles are durable and are capable of withstanding extreme weather conditions and are resistant to insect infestation. However, asphalt shingles do have a tendency to peel after prolonged exposure to the elements, especially when they are exposed to hot sun. Finally, asphalt shingles tend to attract mildew, moss and algae, all of which can be detrimental to the health of the roof and, in some cases, can actually lead to roofing materials failing.

Final Words

All roofing materials have their own advantages and disadvantages, and the choice of materials that are most appropriate for a particular situation will ultimately depend on the application and budget. Ultimately, the lifespan of the roof will depend heavily on the quality of materials used. For example, metal roofs tend to last longer than many other types of roofing materials. Likewise, asphalt shingles tend to last the longest among all roofing materials, although this depends more on the application and environment of the roofing.

By Hassan

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